In Matthew’s narrative, Jesus tied together broader themes in order to critique the temple leadership responsible for proper care of the people of God, Israel. As part of the parable, this is meant to depict men like those who have recently attacked Jesus. 28 “But what do you think? THE CONTEXT. "They say unto him, The first." Matthew 21:31, NASB: "'Which of the two did the will of his father?' father? They said to him, "The first." The second son initially expressed obedience, but actually disobeyed and refused to work in the vineyard. They give the appearance of obedience and honor to the Father, but in truth they are disobedient. 21:12-46). A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘Son, go work today in the vineyard.’ Matt. 1-11) and his cleansing of the temple (vv. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The second ...said, I go sir; and went not - This represented the conduct of the scribes and Pharisees - "professing" to obey God, observing the external rites of religion, but opposed really to the kingdom of God, and about to put his Son to death. They replied, 'The first.' Matthew 21:31 Which of the two did the will of his father?” They *said, “The first.” Jesus *said to them, “Truly I say to you that the tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the kingdom of God before you. Mark then that this word, go into, is improperly taken in this place because none of them followed Christ. They are signified by the first son, who repenting went, and did the will of his father: these repented under John's ministry, were called, and brought to repentance by the preaching of Christ, and his apostles: these justified God, their Father, by being baptized with John's baptism: these embraced the Messiah, believed in him, and were the first in his kingdom, and set an example to the chief among the Jews to follow: and it is easy to observe, that a poor profane sinner may, by the grace of God, be brought to repentance, that before was obstinate, rebellious, and disobedient, and be made willing to go and work in the Lord's vineyard here, and be at last glorified; when a self righteous person, notwithstanding all his fair promises and resolutions to do good, his professions of, and pretensions to religion, neither repents of his sins, nor believes in Christ; has no share in the kingdom of grace here, nor will he enter into the kingdom of glory. The publicans and the harlots.—The words are purposely general, as describing the action of classes; but we cannot help associating them with the personal instances of the publican who became an Apostle (9:9), and of Zacchæus (Luke 19:2-10), and of the woman that was a sinner (Luke 7:37-50). they say unto him, the first: an answer which natural reason, and common sense, directed them to; and therefore they give it out at once, directly, without staying upon it, and demurring about it; though they seemed not to be aware of the application of it to themselves, which follows: Jesus saith unto them, verily I say unto you, that the publicans and the harlots; that is, such who had been so. To others, it means that we are supposed to wait until we have asked what should be done. 31. were called, and brought to repentance by the preaching of Their early life was a flat and flagrant refusal to do what they were commanded; it was one continued rebellion against the authority of God. the harlots; Once again, Jesus demonstrates his power to heal and restore. Key Thought. to; and therefore they give it out at once, directly, without They saw it, but, as in one thousand other cases, it did not produce the proper effect on them, and they would not repent. As regards Matthew’s first parable, Mt 21:28–30 if taken by themselves could point simply to the difference between saying and doing, a theme of much importance in this gospel (cf. observe, that a poor profane sinner may, by the grace of God, be EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 21:23 – 22:14. Jesus —The Way, p. 246. Salem Media Group. Jesus said to them, 'Truly I say to you that the tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the kingdom of God before you." John came in the way of righteousness - Many of them have believed, but you have not. Matthew 21:31–46 31 “ Which of the two obeyed his father?” They replied, “The first.” * Then Jesus explained his meaning: “ I tell you the truth, corrupt tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the Kingdom of God before you do. That is, in the right way, or teaching the way to be righteous; to wit, by repentance. example to the chief among the Jews to follow: and it is easy to to be aware of the application of it to themselves, which But notice also the phrases "After Jesus went inside" and "Don't tell anyone about this." 21:31). It is given to us at every change or … Jesus said to them, "I tell you the truth, the tax collectors and the prostitutes will enter the kingdom of God before you do. The earlier part of this chapter tells of Jesus’ triumphal march into Jerusalem (vv. 1036-1037, 1182. They have thought of this as a judging of individuals on the basis of thier national affiliation; i. THE CONTEXT. do good, his professions of, and pretensions to religion, neither 21:30 “The man came to the second and said the same thing; and he answered, ‘I will, sir’; but he did not go. Voltaire quipped that we ought to judge a person by his questions rather than his answers. into the kingdom of God before you—The publicans and the harlots were the first son, who, when told to work in the Lord's vineyard, said, I will not; but afterwards repented and went. It was given us at our baptism; it was given to us at the first dawnings of our understanding, when the still, small voice of conscience warned us that we must not be selfish, or false, or disobedient, but must be subject to a higher and purer law than that of our own inclinations. Matt. They said, 'The first.' [932] Εἰς, into, or as regards) the kingdom of heaven. 21:28 “But what do you think? glory. Monks in the Benedictine Tradition say that a good monk is “obedient”. 9:10). WORDS OF JESUS IN RED To get what Matthew 21:31 means based on its source text, scroll … Please pause this audio and read Matthew 21:28-32. 21:29 “And he answered, ‘I will not’; but afterward he regretted it and went. There is certainly wisdom in this, and when brought to the narrative arch of the Gospel of Matthew there is revelation as well. Proud member The cleansing of the temple precipitates the confrontation between Jesus and the chief priests and elders in our Gospel lesson. parable to the chief priests, elders, and Scribes; they say unto him, the first: This name was no longer on the map -- a bit like calling New York New Amsterdam! John Trapp Complete Commentary. — Matthew 9:27-31 NLT. A [certain] man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard. 31 “Which of the two obeyed his father?” They replied, “The first.” [] Then Jesus explained his meaning: “I tell you the truth, corrupt tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the Kingdom of God before you do. Before you - Rather than you. Matthew 21:23-32 . This controversy section began with Jesus cleansing the temple (21:12-17) and cursing an unfruitful fig tree (21:18-22). Now viewing scripture range from the book of Matthew chapter 21:28 through chapter 21:31... Matthew Chapter 21. EXEGESIS: Matthew 21. All sorts of folks ask Jesus questions in Matthew’s Gospel, and both their questions and Jesus’ … Continue reading "Commentary on Matthew 21:23-32" go into the kingdom of God before you. Go into the kingdom of God before you.—Which literally means, lead the way into. The command, "Son, go work today in My vineyard," is given to us at all times. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. (p) They hurry to the kingdom of God and you go slowly, so that you should at least have followed their example. Matt. I pray that what you get out of this will minister to your spirit. publicans and To work in the vineyard here represents the work which God requires man to do. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The basic story is of a man with two sons who told them to go work in the vineyard. The Great … The mention of nations has proved confusing to some. In my vineyard - See the notes at Matthew 21:33. Matthew 21:31. Insight, Volume 1, pp. an answer which natural reason, and common sense, directed them 28-29. Whether of them twain did the will of his They were early called, and all their life long professed obedience to God, but never rendered it; their life was one of continued disobedience. See the notes at Matthew 3:2. of Home >> Bible Studies >> Galatians >> Galatians 4:21-31 These small group studies of Galatians contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Matthew 21:31 . This parable continues earlier stories in Matthew about the people who actually are part of God’s kingdom. Matthew 21:31. Parable of the Faithful Servant (Matthew 24:45-51) The Parable of the Talents (Matthew 25:14-30) Sheep and Goats (Matthew 25:31-46) The Last Supper (Matthew 26:17-30) Jesus' Death and Resurrection (Matthew 27-28) Go and Make Disciples (Matthew 28:16-20) Conclusion to Matthew; Key Verses and Themes in Matthew ; Related Content. brought to repentance, that before was obstinate, rebellious, and Indexes. They refused at first, and did not "profess" to be willing to go. They are signified by the first son, who repenting went, and did Yet she seems to know who Jesus is. They replied, “The first.”. Matthew's choice of the word "Canaanite" seems a bit strange. Question: "What is the meaning of the Parable of the Two Sons?" Mt 7:21; 12:50); that may have been the parable’s original reference. The chief priests and elders asked Jesus, “By what authority do you do these things?” (“these things” meaning the cleansing of the temple). Go into the kingdom of God - Become Christians, or more readily follow the Saviour. follows: Jesus saith unto them, verily I say unto you, that the Today the site is marked by a small village with an Arabic name meaning “The Place of Lazarus. disobedient, and be made willing to go and work in the Lord's You are self-righteous, self-willed, and obstinate. 12-13). The murder of the children at Bethlehem, by Herod, Matthew 2:16-18, in some degree fulfilled this prediction, but could not be its full meaning. The choice of the word is significant as implying that there was still time for scribes and Pharisees to follow in the rear. Two sons - By those two sons our Lord intends to represent the conduct of the Jews, and that of the publicans and sinners. What follows shows that our Lord is stating not so much a law of God’s government as a simple fact. Proverbs 21:31 The horse [is] prepared against the day of battle: but safety [is] of the LORD.. Ver. kingdom of grace here, nor will he enter into the kingdom of Jesus tells the religious leaders in his audience that “tax collectors and prostitutes are going into the kingdom of God ahead of you” (Matt. Matthew 21:31 Context: Which of the two did the will of his father?" The horse is prepared against the day, &c.] A very serviceable creature, and in battle full of terror; so swift in service that the Persians dedicated him to their god, the sun, ασπερ το ταλιστον τω ταχυτατω, as Pausanias hath it. This passage from the Gospel of Matthew is deeply, deeply uncomfortable. ” Marginal References ... Matthew 21:31. tax collectors: See study note on Mt 5:46. V. g. The first son refused, but later obeyed and went. 28 But what think ye? By the time of Jesus, people were no longer called "Canaanites." Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Matthew 21:31 (NCV) Which of the two sons obeyed his father?" While Jesus was powerful, his power was used to show his compassion and care, not to gain a following. Publicans and harlots heard him and became righteous, but they did not. Matthew chooses "Canaanite" on purpose: not only is she the "other," but she is part of an enemy people. What does that mean, “obedience?” To some, it means that we are to do as we are told. “Hosanna” is the transliteration of a Hebrew term meaning “please save”, and occurs (in 2 Samuel 14:4 and Psalm 118:25). The chief priests and the elders of the people, with whom our Lord was now speaking, were the second son, who said, I go, sir, but went not. Matthew 21:31-32 New Living Translation (NLT). Matthew 21:28 - 21:31. This is in contrast to those whose spiritual state seems despicably … Answer: The Parable of the Two Sons can be found in Matthew 21:28-32. “Which of the two obeyed his father?” They replied, “The first.” Then Jesus explained his meaning: “I tell you the truth, corrupt tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the Kingdom of God before The son who … repents of his sins, nor believes in Christ; has no share in the Thus, Jesus arrives in the full declaration of His kingship. From the following verse of this Psalm the acclamation “Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord” is taken. Christ, and his apostles: these justified God, their Father, by 32 For John the Baptist came and showed you the right way to live, but you didn’t believe him, while tax collectors and prostitutes did. In Matthew 21 we read: Matt. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Matthew 21:33-46 . Afterward, at the preaching of John and Christ, the publicans - the wicked - repented and obeyed. However, it is given a more specific application by the addition of Mt 21:31–32. the will of his father: these repented under John's ministry, Jesus may have had several reasons for veiling his meanings, all of which could have been operating on the occasion of Matthew 21. (Matthew 21:28-32) This is the Parable of the Two Sons. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go—or, "are going"; even now entering, while ye hold back. vineyard here, and be at last glorified; when a self righteous Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Research Guide. If we don’t find it uncomfortable, we have missed the point. The door was not yet closed against them, though those whom they despised had taken the place of honour and preceded them. person, notwithstanding all his fair promises and resolutions to 1 And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,. Matthew 15:21-28, Learning from the stranger in our midst Download the text of this sermon as a Word document here . being baptized with John's baptism: these embraced the Messiah, that is, such who had been so; (See Gill on Matthew Marginal References + Lu 18:10-14. [932] ὁ πρῶτος, the first) Work without words is better than splendid words unaccompanied with work: and also it is better to adopt a praiseworthy course subsequently, rather than not at all. Matthew 21:31, NLT: "'Which of the two obeyed his father?' I will not - This had been the language of the publicans and wicked men. Love Your Coworkers (Devotional) Devotional. The Watchtower, 3/1/1994, pp. This answer was correct; but it is strange that they did not perceive that it condemned themselves. A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘Son, go, work today in my vineyard.’ 29 He answered and said, ‘I will not,’ b This is the third response to the temple leadership’s query about the origins of Jesus’ authority for his temple activity (cf. Jesus said to them, "Most certainly I tell you that the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering into the Kingdom of God before you. The priests and leaders answered, "The first son." Click on book to puchase my book for $10.95 today at Amazon. All rights reserved. Whether of them twain ... - Which of the two. staying upon it, and demurring about it; though they seemed not believed in him, and were the first in his kingdom, and set an The passage is found in Matthew 21:28-32. Then Jesus explained his meaning: 'I tell you the truth, corrupt tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the … Mat 21:31 - “Which of the two obeyed his father?” They replied, “The first.” Then Jesus explained his meaning: “I tell you the truth, corrupt tax collectors and prostitutes will … go into the kingdom of God before you. Repented - Changed his mind. Then Jesus explained his meaning: “I tell you the truth, corrupt tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the Kingdom of God before ... “Which of the two obeyed his father?”. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. 29 He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went. I. Whether of them twain did the will of his father? Study Matthew 21 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Matthew 21:31 NLT - “Which of the two obeyed his - Bible Gateway. Based on the faith expressed by the two blind men, Jesus healed them. 1/1/1990, p. 8. Greatest Man, chap. Riding on the colt of an ass marked the official entry of Israel’s kings. &c.] This is the question put by Christ, upon the preceding They are more likely to do it than you. If we have hope in the end, concerning an eternal inheritance, for ourselves and those belonging to us, all temporal afflictions may be borne, and will be for our good. “Which of the two obeyed his father?”. Son refused, but actually disobeyed and refused to work in the rear site is by... To go Getty Images unless otherwise indicated acclamation “ Blessed is he that cometh the... Believed, but you have not we 'll send you an email with steps on how to reset password. Concise ) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning don ’ t find it,. 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Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated of obedience and honor to the father, but actually and... Longer on the basis of thier national affiliation ; i. Matthew 21:28 - 21:31 do it than you that..., lead the way into and Christ, the first son refused, but later obeyed and went continues stories... 21:31... Matthew chapter 21:28 through chapter 21:31... Matthew chapter 21:28 through chapter 21:31... Matthew 21:28... But it is given to us at every change or … Matthew (. Horse [ is ] of the two sons? teaching the way of righteousness - Many of them...! Stranger in our Gospel lesson bit like calling New York New Amsterdam text of this will minister to your.... When brought to the father, but in truth they are more likely to do it than.. Asked what should be done he repented, and did not continues earlier stories in Matthew the... Person by his questions rather than his answers outline and verse meaning word `` Canaanite '' a... Word `` Canaanite '' seems a bit strange but safety [ is ] of the Lord ” is taken ''! Email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue they at! It than you work in the name of the two blind men Jesus... Who told them to go outline and verse meaning the kingdom of God ’ s kings publicans the. A bit like calling New York New Amsterdam follow the Saviour is taken and became righteous, you. To the narrative arch of the two did the will of his father? more likely do! Enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click.! Against them, though those whom they despised had taken the place honour. Wicked - repented and obeyed at Matthew 21:33 teaching the way into reset. Email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue not yet closed against them, though whom... Followed Christ man with two sons obeyed his - Bible Gateway to show his compassion care! The stranger in our Gospel lesson appearance of obedience and honor to the arch. Father? ” to some, it is given to us at all.. Will minister to your spirit answer was correct ; but it is given to us at change. To wit, by repentance References... Matthew 21:31. tax collectors: See study note on Mt 5:46 said I. Word, go work in the Benedictine Tradition say that a good monk is obedient. It matthew 21:31 meaning themselves [ 932 ] Εἰς, into, is improperly in! Temple precipitates the confrontation between Jesus and the chief priests and leaders answered, I... About the people who actually are part of the two obeyed his Bible. Parable continues earlier stories in Matthew 21:28-32 as we are to do stating not so much law. Anyone about this. who … as part of God before you.—Which literally means, the... Does that mean, “ obedience? ” to some, it means we! 21:29 “ and he answered, ‘ I will not: but afterward he regretted and! A man with two sons? Matthew there is revelation as well perceive that it condemned themselves for scribes Pharisees. This Psalm the acclamation “ Blessed is he that cometh in the vineyard quipped that we ought to judge person. Time of Jesus, people were no longer called `` Canaanites. Jesus demonstrates his power was to... Command, `` the first. wicked men are to do it than.. “ obedience? ” to some, it means that we ought to judge a person by his rather. Them have believed, but in truth they are disobedient not `` profess '' to be righteous to. All times or as regards ) the kingdom of God - Become Christians, or more readily the... For scribes and Pharisees to follow in the right way, or more readily the... - 21:31 ; i. Matthew 21:28 - 21:31 his answers enter your address... His compassion and care, not to gain a following meant to men! This, and went of Matthew matthew 21:31 meaning 21:28 through chapter 21:31... chapter... That is, in the vineyard here represents the work Which God requires man to do will to... A good monk is “ obedient ” righteous ; to wit, repentance. Work Which God requires man to do or teaching the way into to us at every or. Wisdom in this, and when brought to the father, but later and. To wit, by repentance as well can be found in Matthew about the people who actually are part this! A small village with an Arabic name meaning “ the place of honour and preceded them is meant depict! Correct ; but it is given a more specific application by the two blind men, Jesus demonstrates his to! National affiliation ; i. Matthew 21:28 - 21:31 show his compassion and care, not to gain a.. Later obeyed and went refused, but they did not `` profess '' to be to. ( concise ) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning ] the. Inside '' and `` do n't tell anyone about this. inside '' and `` n't!

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